Budapest is the capital and biggest city of Hungary, with 1,760,000 inhabitants.
The history of the city began with Aquincum that became the Roman capital of Lower Pannonia. Hungarians arrived in the territory of the present city in the 9th century. Their first settlement was pillaged by the Mongols in 1241. The re-established town became one of the centres of Renaissance humanist culture by the 15th century. From 1526 – the battle of Mohács – nearly 150 years of Turkish rule followed.
Afterwards, the region entered a new age of prosperity, and Budapest became a global city with the unification of Buda and Óbuda on the west bank and with Pest on the east bank of the Danube River in 1873.
Today Budapest is a leading global city with strengths in commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment. Budapest is cited as one of the most beautiful cities in Europe. The central area of the city along the Danube River is classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and has many notable monuments, including the Hungarian Parliament, Buda Castle, Széchenyi Chain Bridge, Matthias Church and the Liberty Statue.